Wisdom teeth, also called third molars, are the last set of teeth to emerge in the back of the mouth. While some people may have no issues with their wisdom teeth, others may experience complications that necessitate their removal. Let’s explore the reasons why wisdom teeth may need to be removed and shed light on the process involved in wisdom tooth extraction.

Why Wisdom Teeth May Need to Be Removed:

  1. Impaction: One of the most common reasons for wisdom tooth removal is impaction, where the tooth becomes trapped beneath the gum line or grows in at an angle. Impacted wisdom teeth usually lead to pain, swelling, and potential damage to adjacent teeth.
  2. Overcrowding: The arrival of wisdom teeth above the gumline may cause overcrowding in the mouth due to a lack of space for them. This leads to misalignment of existing teeth. Removing wisdom teeth can help prevent orthodontic issues and maintain proper teeth alignment.
  3. Infection or Gum Disease: Wisdom teeth are more likely to be subject to dental decay & gum disease due to their position at the rear of the mouth. This makes cleaning them difficult since they are harder to access. Infections or gum disease around wisdom teeth may require their removal to prevent further oral health problems.
  4. Cysts or Tumors: In rare cases, tumours or cysts may develop around impacted wisdom teeth, leading to damage to the surrounding teeth, bone, and nerves. Removing the affected wisdom teeth is essential to prevent complications and preserve oral health.

The Wisdom Tooth Extraction Process:

  1. Consultation and Examination: Before the extraction procedure, your dental professional will conduct a thorough exam, which includes dental X-rays, to assess the position of your wisdom teeth and determine if tooth extraction is necessary.
  2. Anesthesia: On the day of the extraction, local anesthesia will be delivered to numb the area around the tooth. In some cases, sedation or general anesthesia may be used to ensure comfort during the procedure.
  3. Incision and Tooth Removal: If the wisdom tooth is impacted, an incision may be made in the gum tissue to access the tooth. The tooth may be divided into smaller pieces for easier removal. If the tooth has erupted, it may be extracted using forceps.
  4. Stitching and Gauze Placement: After the tooth is removed, the surgical site may be stitched back together to promote healing. Gauze pads will be placed over the extraction site temporarily to control bleeding and facilitate blood clot formation.
  5. Recovery and Aftercare: Following the extraction, you’ll receive instructions on post-operative care, including pain management, swelling reduction techniques, and dietary restrictions. It’s essential to follow these instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and minimize complications.
  6. Follow-Up Visit: A follow-up visit may be needed to carefully monitor the healing process and remove any stitches if they were used. Your dentist will also evaluate your oral health and address any concerns or complications.

Tips for Recovery After Wisdom Tooth Extraction:

  • Take Pain Medication as Prescribed: Over-the-counter medication or prescription pain medications may be recommended to alleviate discomfort during the recovery period.
  • Use Ice Packs: Using ice packs to the outside of your face can help reduce swelling and inflammation.
  • Eat Soft Foods: Choose a soft food diet for the first few days after surgery to avoid putting pressure on the extraction site.
  • Avoid Smoking & Using a Straw: Smoking and using a straw can disrupt blood clot formation and delay healing, so it’s best to avoid these activities during recovery.

While the thought of wisdom tooth extraction may seem daunting, it’s often a necessary procedure to prevent oral health problems and maintain the alignment and function of your teeth. If you’re experiencing discomfort or suspect issues with your wisdom teeth, don’t hesitate to consult with your dentist for personalized guidance and treatment options.


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3052 Elmcreek Rd, Unit 104
Mississauga, ON, L5B 0B6
(At Mavis Rd & Dundas St in the Superstore plaza)

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